Are Bunions Hereditary?

bunion-cheq-bunion_1There is an ongoing debate about whether or not shoes cause bunions or if they are hereditary. There is no “bunion gene” in the human genome, however, there is a hereditary predisposition. Bunions often develop from hypermobility which is a condition in which the ligaments are loose and thus do not hold the metatarsal in place. Another theory is that a tight Achilles tendon can lead to bunions. Stretchy tendons and ligaments are genetic and not caused by shoes. There are many people who have never worn high heels (including small children) who develop bunions so it is not accurate to conclude shoes cause bunions. However, one could argue that shoes can exacerbate an existing bunion deformity or speed up the progression.

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