When Your Big Toe Joint Hurts

Our feet are extremely complex structures containing numerous bones, joints, muscles, tendons and ligaments. As the primary structure necessary for movement, the big toe takes the brunt of our daily activities. With that being said, are you feeling a constant throbbing pain in your big toe? Is it stiff? Pain in your big toe can be coming from deep inside the joint and at other times be the result of the nail itself. Let’s take a look at some symptoms and causes of big toe pain:

  • Hallux Rigidus- Hallux Rigidus is arthritis in the big toe caused by inflammation of the toe joint.  Some risk factors of arthritis include: age, being overweight or family history.  Symptoms involved in arthritis include: pain, stiffness, swelling, clicking or popping noises, change in appearance, heat, locked joints and difficulty walking.
  • Bunions- A Bunion is a large bump that forms over the big toe joint. Besides a bump forming, a shift in the big toe starts moving over to the lesser toes. The results of this is a widen forefoot and a red irritated bump on the foot joint. Symptoms of bunions are tender joints, redness and stiffness.
  • Gout- Gout is a metabolic condition that occurs when uric acid builds up in the blood and forms crystals in the joints. Symptoms include: a red and hot painful joint. If left untreated, joint damage can develop over the years.
  • Sesamoiditis- Sesamoid bones are two small bones that sit below the first MTPJ within a tendon that flexes the big toe down. These bones are subject to pain and inflammation from acute or chronic trauma. Some activities that cause Sesamoiditis are ballet, dancing or basketball. Balancing on your toes or jumping can also cause Sesamoiditis.

If big toe pain is something that you are experiencing than it is important to make an appointment with us to figure out the root of your pain and the best treatment options for you!

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