A callus is a toughened area of skin which has become relatively thick and hard in response to repeated friction, pressure, or other irritation. Rubbing that is too frequent or forceful will cause blisters rather than allow calluses to form. Since repeated contact is required, calluses are most often found on feet because of frequent walking. Calluses are generally not harmful or painful, but may sometimes lead to other problems, such as skin ulceration or infection. Calluses are also caused by wearing ill-fitting shoes, poor quality shoes, or various foot deformities. If the first signs of soreness are ignored, calluses show up as a rough patch or area of skin.

Callus Treatment:

Calluses and corns may go away by themselves eventually, once the irritation is consistently avoided. They may also be dissolved with keratolytic agents containing salicylic acid, sanded down with a pumice stone or filed down with a callus shaver, or pared down by a podiatrist. In addition to emphasizing the importance of wearing properly fitted shoes, the doctor may also recommend a variety of patches and creams to protect and soften the calluses as they heal. In rare instances, your doctor may recommend surgery to correct the alignment of a bone causing friction.

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