Dry Skin Xerosis

Dry skin, called Xerosis by medical professionals, occurs when the outer layer of skin is deprived of moisture. The outer cells no longer form a good barrier, resulting in cracks, rough appearance, itching and flaking. In addition, decreased protection by the outer layer increases the chance of developing a bacterial or fungal infection. Inflammation of the areas may lead to pink or red patches. If left untreated, dry skin of the foot can progress to cause painful heel fissures, cracks between the toes, or athletes foot. Dry skin is caused by a number of environmental factors including low humidity, frequent bathing and harsh soaps. In patients with diabetes, dry skin can increase the chance of developing an infected skin ulcer.

Xerosis Treatment:

Dry skin is most often best treated with quality therapeutic ointments and creams, avoiding lotions that may contain drying alcohol. Use doctor recommended foot care creams especially at night, and wear specially designed socks that help absorption. Wear comfortable shoes with doctor recommended insoles or other corrective devices that reduce the risk of friction and rubbing against the dry skin. These tips are all helpful for xerosis treatment. See a podiatrist for an evaluation if the above self-care measures do not cure your dry skin. If the podiatrist suspects that a medical condition is causing your dry skin, then he or she may do blood tests or other diagnostic procedures. The best treatment for dry skin caused by a medical problem is to actually treat the medical problem.

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